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|Title:||Effect of Adding Dexamethasone as a Ropivacaine Adjuvant in Ultrasound-Guided Transversus Abdominis Plane Block for Inguinal Hernia Repair||Authors:||Kartalov, Andrijan
Aleksandra Panovska Petrusheva
|Issue Date:||2015||Publisher:||Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts / Walter de Gruyter GmbH||Journal:||Prilozi (Makedonska akademija na naukite i umetnostite. Oddelenie za medicinski nauki)||Abstract:||Background: The transverses abdominals plane block (TAP) is a regional anesthesia technique that provided analgesia to the parietal peritoneum, skin and muscles of the anterior abdominal wall. The aim of this randomized double-blind study was to evaluate postoperative analgesia on patients undergoing open inguinal hernia repair under general anesthesia (GA), (GA + TAP) block preformed with ropivacaine and (GA + TAP-D) block preformed with ropivacaine and 4 mg dexamethasone. Methods: 90 (ASA I-II) adult patients for unilateral open inguinal hernia repair were included in this study. In group I (n = 30) patents received only general anesthesia (GA). Patients in group II (n = 30) received GA and unilateral TAP block with 25 ml of 0.5% ropivacaine and the patients in group III (n = 30) received GA and unilateral TAP-D block with 25 ml of 0.5% ropivacaine + 4 mg Dexamethadsone. In this study we assessed the pain score - VAS at rest at 2, 4, 6, 12 and 24 hours after the operation and the total analgesic consumption of morphine over 24 hours. Results: There were statistically significant differences in the VAS scores between group I, group II and group III at all postoperative time points - 2(hr), 4(hr), 6(hr), 12(hr) and 24(hr). (p < 0.00001). The cumulative 24 hours morphine consumption after the operation was significantly lower in group III (5.53 1.21 mg) than in group II (6.16 2.41 mg) and group I (9.26 2.41 mg). This difference is statistically significant (p < 0.00001). Conclusion: Concerning the inguinal hernia repair we found better postoperative pain scores and 24 hours reduction of the morphine consumption in group III (GA and TAP-D block) compared with group I (GA) and group II (GA + TAP block).||URI:||http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12188/8804||DOI:||10.1515/prilozi-2015-0076|
|Appears in Collections:||Faculty of Medicine: Journal Articles|
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