Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12188/2524
Title: The Impact of a Crisis on the Innovation Systems in Europe: Evidence from the CIS10 Innovation Survey
Authors: Toshevska trpchevska, Katerina 
Makrevska disoska, Elena 
Tevdovski, Dragan 
Stojkoski, Viktor
Keywords: innovation, productivity, CIS, Central and Eastern Europe
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Source: Toshevska-Trpchevska, K., Disoska, E., Tevdovski, D., & Stojkoski, V. (n.d.). The Impact of a Crisis on the Innovation Systems in Europe: Evidence from the CIS10 Innovation Survey. European Review, 1-20. doi:10.1017/S1062798719000218
Journal: European Review
Abstract: The varieties of the national innovation systems among European countries are reflected in the large differences, discrepancies and sometimes unexpected results in the innovation processes and their influence on labor productivity growth. The goal of this paper is to find the differences between the drivers of the innovation systems and their influence on growth of productivity between two groups of countries with different institutional settings in the period of the financial and economic crisis in Europe. The first group consists of a selection of CEE (Central and East European) countries. The second group consists of Germany, Norway, Spain and Portugal. In order to measure the role of innovation on productivity growth we use the CDM (Crépon, Duguet and Mairesse) model of simultaneous equations. The model directly links R&D engagement and intensity to innovation outcomes mea- sured either as process or product innovation, and then estimates the effectiveness of the innovative effort leading to productivity gains. The company-level dataset is drawn from the Community Innovation Survey (CIS10). There is one common result for the two groups, that in general the probability for a typical firm to engage in innovation increases with its size. The other factors influencing the decision process differ. A firm ’s productivity increases significantly with innovation output, but only with firms oper- ating in Western Europe. The results for firms in Central and Eastern Europe indicate that these countries’ national innovation systems are vulnerable, and in periods of cri- ses higher level of innovation output leads to lower labor productivity. Therefore, sys- temic faults in the national innovation systems result in their unsustainability, especially visible in periods of crises, as was the case in 2008 – 2010. When it comes to Western European countries, the financial and economic crisis did not have negative effects on their innovation systems as innovation activity resulted in higher levels of labor productivity. Regarding the CEE group of countries, the crisis influenced both the innovation process and labor productivity as a whole negatively.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12188/2524
DOI: 10.1017/S1062798719000218
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Economics 03: Journal Articles / Статии во научни списанија

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