Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Commonly Isolated Pathogens from Postoperative Wounds and Antibiotic Susceptibility Testing аt a Tertiary Care Hospital in Stip, North Macedonia
Authors: Milka Zdravkovska
Tijana Serafimovska
Jasmina Tonic Ribarska
Marija Dimitrova
Svetlana Zivkova
Alen Georgijev
Iskra Sadikarijo
Trajan Balkanov
Marija Darkovska-Serafimovska
Keywords: swab; postoperative wounds; antimicrobial susceptibility; bacterial resistance, multidrug resistance
Issue Date: Feb-2020
Journal: IOSR Journal Of Pharmacy (e)-ISSN: 2250-3013, (p)-ISSN: 2319-4219 Volume 10, Issue 2 Series. I (February 2020), PP. 46-52
Abstract: The increasing rates of hospital infections and bacterial resistance to commonly used antibiotics have created huge problem in the management of different infections. The objective of this study was to identify isolated pathogens from swab samples of postoperative woundstaken at a tertiary care hospital in Stip and to determine microbial susceptibility to antibiotics. Therefore, a total of 139 wound swab samples from two different departments (surgery and orthopedics) at a tertiary care hospital were processed using standard microbiological techniques. The colonies grown were identified based on colony morphology, Gram stains, and biochemical tests for accurate microbial identification. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing was performed by Kirby–Bauer disc diffusion technique. Among total 139 wound swab samples processed, from a total of 2344 operated patients, 100 samples (4,3%) were culture positive. The most common isolated gram-positive bacteria were Staphylococcus aureus (27 samples), among which 44% contained MRSA and Enterococcus (9 samples) among which 50% were found to have multidrug resistance to penicillin, macrolides, cephalosporines, clindamycin, folate synthesis inhibitors and quinolones. The most common isolated gram-negative bacteria were Escherichia coli (17 samples) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (13 samples) among which 50% were found to have multidrug resistance to beta-lactam antibiotic, chloramphenicol, folate synthesis inhibitors and quinolones. The highest percentage of isolated pathogens was found in the samples obtained from the orthopaedic department. Gram-negative infections were predominant. Increased rate of MRSA resistance and multidrug resistance was noted.
ISSN: 2250-3013
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Pharmacy: Journal Articles

Show full item record

Page view(s)

checked on Mar 24, 2023

Google ScholarTM


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.