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Title: Acute Mucosal Reactions in Patients with Advanced Head and Neck Cancer Treated with Concurrent Chemoradiotherapy
Authors: Krstevska, Valentina 
Lukarski, Dushko 
Zafirova Ivanovska, Beti 
Stojkovski, Igor 
Keywords: acute mucositis
head and neck cancer
Issue Date: 6-Nov-2010
Publisher: Association for Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering, Skopje, Macedonia
Conference: The Second Conference on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering
Abstract: We conducted a clinical study to analyze the acute reactions in the oral cavity and the oropharyngeal (OCOPH) mucosa in patients with advanced head and neck cancer (HNC) undergoing a definitive treatment consisted of 3-D conformal radiotherapy combined with concomitant chemotherapy. Twenty nine patients with HNC who were treated between February 2008 and October 2009 were included in the study. The median age was 55 years (range 29-70). The site distribution was as follows: oropharynx, 20.7%; hypopharynx, 41.4%; larynx, 37.9%. The radiation technique used for 3-D conformal radiotherapy was named “oblique photon fields” technique. The OCOPH mucosa as a critical normal tissue was delineated in every patient. Extraction of planning target volume (PTV50) from the volume of OCOPH mucosa led to formation of an OCOPH mucosa with extracted PTV50 (OCOPHEx mucosa). Acute mucosal reactions were recorded using Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) grading system. The duration of a maximum grade of reaction was also recorded. A time intensity parameter, so-called Severity-Time Units (STU), quantifying the area under the acute reaction curve, was used to express the intensity of mucositis over time in every patient. Grade 3 acute mucosal reaction was manifested in 19 patients (65.5%). The median duration of confluent mucositis was 21 days (range 14-35). The STU less than 1000 mm2 and the STU more than 1500 mm2 was calculated in equal number of patients (9 patients, or 31.0%). Statistically significant difference in the distribution of the grade 3 reaction was found among patients with different site of the primary tumor (p = 0.003). Statistically significant difference was found between the grade of the acute mucositis and the volume of OCOPHEx mucosa, the dose in 50% of the volume of OCOPHEx (D50%, OCOPHEx) mucosa, and the mean dose to OCOPHEx mucosa (p = 0.02, p = 0.0002, p = 0.00001, respectively). The tested relation between STU and delineated volumes (PTV50 and OCOPHEx mucosa) showed the presence of statistically significant difference (p = 0.044 and p = 0.02, respectively). Statistically significant difference was also found between STU and the mean dose to OCOPHEx mucosa (p = 0.0003). Linear regression showed negative correlation between STU and the volume of OCOPHEx mucosa (r = - 0.7; p < 0.05). The incidence and the duration of confluent mucositis were significantly greater in patients with oropharyngeal primary lesions. The intensity in time of acute mucosal reactions was significantly higher in patients with the greatest PTV50 and in those with the smallest volumes of OCOPHEx mucosa.
ISBN: 978-608-65213-0-1
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Medicine: Conference papers

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