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Title: Migraine association with atrial septal defect - a case report.
Authors: Ristikj, Daniela
Ristovski, Vladimir
Papazova, Marija 
Dodevski, Ace 
Keywords: sporadic hemiplegicmigraine
atrial septal defect
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Macedonian Association of Anatomists
Journal: Journal of Morphological Sciences
Abstract: Migraine belongs to the group of primary headaches, in whose pathogenesis, despite the involvement of neurovascular, significant part, has the genetic factors, as well.The prevalence of migraine with aura in patients with atrial septal defect ranges from 11-22%.We present a case of a patient at the age of 28, with persistent headaches,18 months backwards. Headaches were usually preceded byphosphenescence, blurred vision, buzzing in both ears, nausea, feeling of tingling of the right hemicranium.An incomplete hour later severe headaches appeared, followed by tingling and a feeling of weakness on the left arm and lower extremities.Neurological examination was with left sided paresthesias and hemiparesis.Routine biochemical examinations,hormone status, magnetic nuclear resonance of the brain and magnetic resonance angiography of intracranial vessels, cerebrospinal fluid analysis, and neurophysiological examinationswas normal.At the transthoracic, and then transoesophageal echocardiography, was proved the presence of Atrial septal defect (ASD) in the central part of the interatrial septum.In the patient, anocclusion of ASD with ASD occluder was made,there was a reduction in the frequency of occurrence of migraine headaches.Controlled echocardiography was performed where the absence of the pre-establishedASD occluder was observed in the aortic arch, wherethe removal of the dive (occlusion) was done and the closing of the ASD with a direct suture.A pathogenetic mechanism that explains the association of ASD / PFO with migraine is interatrial communication, which may result in the occurrence of paradoxicalembolismand humoral factorsof the pulmonary circulation
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Medicine: Journal Articles

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