Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12188/8642
Title: Diagnostic performance of human epididymis protein 4 compared to a combination of biophysical and biochemical markers to differentiate ovarian endometriosis from epthelial ovarian cancer in premenopausal women d biochemical markers to differentiate ovarian endometriosis from epithelial ovarian cancer in premenopausal women
Authors: Tanja Nikolova
Radomir Zivadinovic
Nina Evtimovska
Violeta Klisarovska 
Marko Stanojevic
Jadranka Georgievska 
Natasha Nikolova
Keywords: CA125,
endometriosis,
HE4,
ovarian cancer,
ultrasonography
Issue Date: Dec-2017
Publisher: Japan Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Journal: The Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
Abstract: Aim: This study is a comparison of human epididymis protein 4 (HE4) with cancer antigen 125 (CA125), using the Risk of Ovarian Malignancy Algorithm (ROMA), Copenhagen Index (CPH-I), Risk of Malignancy Index (RMI) and Morphology Index (MI) to differentiate ovarian endometriosis from epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) in premenopausal women. Methods: The study was performed at the University Clinic of Obstetrics and Gynecology in Skopje. One hundred and sixty-four premenopausal patients were divided into three study groups, including ovarian endometriosis (37), other benign pelvic masses (57) and EOCs (11), and a control group (59). After ultrasonography, all subjects underwent blood sampling. Surgery and histological verification was performed. Pelvic masses were classified based on histological findings. Mann–Whitney, receiver operating characteristicarea under the curve (AUC), sensitivity, specificity and Kruskal–Wallis tests were used for statistical analysis. The level of significance α was set at 5%. Results: For each of the tested markers, sensitivity, specificity and accuracy to distinguish ovarian endometriosis from EOC were as follows: HE4 (81.82%, 100%, 95.83%); CA125 (81.82%, 48.65%, 56.25%); ROMA (90.91%, 83.78%, 85.42%); CPH-I (81.82%, 97.30%, 93.75%); RMI (90.91%, 35.14%, 47.92%); and MI (100%, 75.68%, 81.25%), respectively. The AUC for ovarian endometriosis compared to EOC for tested markers was as follows: HE4 (AUC = 0.934), CA125 (AUC = 0.821), ROMA (AUC = 0.929), CPH-I (AUC = 0.924) and RMI (AUC = 0.880), respectively. Conclusion: HE4 and CPH-I perform best to discriminate ovarian endometriosis from EOC in premenopausal women. MI has maximal sensitivity to detect EOC.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12188/8642
DOI: 10. 1111/jog.13466
https://obgyn.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/jog.13466
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Medicine: Journal Articles

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