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Title: Nephrin and Podocalyxin - New Podocyte Proteins for Early Detection of Secondary Nephropathies
Authors: Irena Kostovska 
Katerina Tosheska Trajkovska 
Cekovska, Svetlana 
Spasovski, Goce 
Labudovic, Danica 
Keywords: nephrin
secondary nephropathies
Issue Date: 27-Jun-2016
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH
Journal: BANTAO Journal
Abstract: In the last two decades a great progress was observed in understanding of podocytes, their specific structure and function identifying many specific podocyte proteins, such as nephrin and podocalyxin. Podocytes form the final barrier to plasma proteins leakage. Nephrin as a main component of the filtration diaphragm forms a physical barrier while podocalyxin as sialoglycoprotein forms an electrostatic barrier. Podocyte damage, i.e. podocytopathies and their loss through urine-podocyturia, are crucial in pathogenesis and progression of nephropathies with proteinuria as main clinical manifestation. In podocytopathies, nephrin and podocalyxin appear in the urine before proteinuria and microalbuminuria which were previously considered as earliest markers of nephropathies. Nephrinuria and podocalyxuria indicate damage of the podocytes on glomerular level and/or presence of apoptotic and necrotic podocytes in urine. These urinary markers are also important in early diagnosis of secondary nephropathies such as diabetic, lupus and hypertensive nephropathy as the most common causes of end-stage renal failure (ESRF). These markers are also important in the prediction of preeclampsia, which is the most common complication in pregnancy. In this review we elaborate in dept the main structural and functional features of podocytes and their specific proteins, nephrin and podocalyxin, summarizing the recent literature data on their importance in the early diagnosis of the most common secondary nephropathies.</jats:p>
DOI: 10.1515/bj-2016-0003
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Medicine: Journal Articles

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