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dc.contributor.authorEmilija, Vlaskien_US
dc.contributor.authorStavric, Katerinaen_US
dc.contributor.authorSeckova, Lidijaen_US
dc.contributor.authorKimovska, Milicaen_US
dc.contributor.authorIsjanovska, Rozalindaen_US
dc.description.abstractBACKGROUND: Although the harmful impact of environmental tobacco smoke on respiratory health in early childhood is well known, its effect in adolescence is still ambiguous. This study aims to examine if parents' and household tobacco smoking habits influence asthma, rhinitis and eczema in early adolescence in The Republic of Macedonia, as a country with a very high rate of household tobacco smoke exposure despite the smoking cessation campaign, and low prevalence rates of asthma, rhinitis and eczema. METHODS: Children aged 13-14 years (n=3026) from randomly selected schools in Skopje, the capital of Macedonia, completed by themselves the standardised International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) Phase Three written questionnaires on asthma, rhinitis, eczema and potential environmental risk factors. Maternal and paternal tobacco smoking habits and the number of smokers in households were separately correlated to current and ever-diagnosed asthma, rhinitis and eczema by odds ratios (OR, 95% CI) with and without adjustments for potential confounders using binary logistic regression. RESULTS: The maternal smoking habit was significantly positively associated only with current night dry cough apart from chest infection (aOR: 1.26; 1.03-1.54; p=0.026). No significant association was observed in relation to the other studied variables with either parental smoking habits or the number of smokers in the household. CONCLUSION: Household tobacco smoking habits were not found to have a significant influence on asthma, rhinitis and eczema in young adolescents. The established results point out the dominant influence of maternal smoking on cough as an unspecific asthma symptom.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThe Ministry of Education and Science of The Republic North Macedoniaen_US
dc.publisherElsevier BVen_US
dc.relationInternational Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) Phase Threeen_US
dc.relation.ispartofAllergologia et Immunopathologiaen_US
dc.subjectenvironmental tobacco smokeen_US
dc.titleDo household tobacco smoking habits influence asthma, rhinitis and eczema among 13-14 year-old adolescents?en_US
item.fulltextNo Fulltext-
item.grantfulltextnone- of Medicine- of Medicine-
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Medicine: Journal Articles
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